The Falklands War
[The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas or Guerra del Atlántico Sur), also known as the Falklands Conflict or Falklands Crisis, was a 1982 limited war between Argentina and the United Kingdom. The conflict resulted from the long-standing dispute over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which lie in the South Atlantic east of Argentina.
The Falklands War began on Friday 2 April 1982, when Argentine forces invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force, and retake the islands by amphibious assault. The resulting conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, which returned the islands to British control. 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel and three Falkland Islanders died during the conflict. It remains the most recent external conflict to be fought by the UK without any allied states and the only external Argentine war since the 1880s.
The conflict was the result of a protracted historical confrontation regarding the sovereignty of the islands. Argentina has asserted that the Falkland Islands are Argentinian territory since the 19th century and, as of 2012, shows no sign of relinquishing the claim. The claim was added to the Argentine constitution after its reformation in 1994. As such, the Argentine government characterised their initial invasion as the re-occupation of its own territory, whilst the British government saw it as an invasion of a British dependent territory. However, neither state officially declared war and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the local area of the South Atlantic.
The conflict had a strong impact in both countries. Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, which hastened its downfall. In the United Kingdom, Prime Minister Margaret Thatchers government was bolstered by the successful outcome, which helped carry them to victory in the 1983 general election.
Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 under the umbrella formula which states that the islands sovereignty dispute would remain aside]. – Wikipedia
The Cunard liner QE2 carries British troops from Southampton during the Falklands War, 12th May 1982. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
An Evening Standard headline on a London newspaper stand during the Falklands War reads [British Troops Go In], May 1982. (Photo by Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
An unidentified [beauty] in a bra aboard HMS Hermes, the giant aircraft carrier and flagship, heading towards the occupied Falkland Islands. He is assisting in the [crossing the line] ceremony for those who have never before crossed the Equator at sea. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images). 19th April 1982
Kenneth [Rocky] Hudson, a Petty Officer from Gosport aboard HMS Hermes, the flagship of the Royal Navy, heading for the Falkland Islands. The troops are waging a Mexican moustache growing contest and Kenneth is wearing 30mm cannon shells slung around his body and sporting a fat cigar. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 18th April 1982
Marines relaxing on the [ski jump] ramp of HMS Hermes, as she is replenished at sea by a Royal Fleet auxiliary vessel, on the way to the Falkland Islands. Westland Sea King helicopters can be seen on deck. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 19th April 1982
The men of 40 Royal Marine Commando A company training on board HMS Hermes on their way to the Falklands Islands following the Argentinian invasion, April 1982. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images)
Armourers moving torpedoes on the flight deck of HMS Hermes during the Falklands conflict, May 1982. The torpedos are to re-arm Sea King helicopters to counter the threat from Argentinian submarines. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images)
British Royal Navy frigate HMS Antelope explodes in the bay of San Carlos off East Falkland during the Falklands War. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images). 1982
A Sea Harrier jump jet on the flight deck of HMS Hermes heading to the Falklands after the Argentinian invasion of the islands, April 1982. A Sea King helicopter hovers in the background. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images)
Medical orderlies wearing anti-flash gear tend a wounded survivor of HMS Sheffield aboard HMS Hermes during the Falklands War. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images). 1982
Waiting to be lifted by a Westland Sea King helicopter, Royal Marines from 40 Commando crouch on the flight deck of HMS Hermes, which heads the naval task force bound for the Falkland Islands. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
A British military camp on the Falkland Islands during the conflict. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 1982
A line of British soldiers in camouflage advancing during the Falklands War. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1982
M Company of the British Royal Marines, who re-took South Georgia from the Argentinian forces on April 25th during the Falklands War. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images). 19th May 1982
British soldiers in action during the Falklands War. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 1982
A dejected Argentinian prisoner sits behind barbed wire in a compound on the Falklands Islands during the war with British forces, June 1982. Over 1200 ARgentinians were captured at Goose Green and Darwin. (Photo by Martin Cleaver/Pool/Getty Images)
Miss Sukey Cameron hands in a petition at Number 10 Downing Street, signed by 1,100 inhabitants of the Falkland Islands, urging the Prime Minister to reconsider the terms of the Nationality Bill and give full British citizenship to 300 islanders whose grandparents were not born in Great Britain, 25th September 1981. (Photo by Graham Turner/Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)